The Channel Islands became part of Hitler's Atlantic Wall and were heavily fortified by thousands of forced workers brought over from the continent. The garrison meant that one in every four people in the islands was a member of the German forces.
The Occupation of the Channel Islands by the Germans between 1940 and 1945 was such a momentous event that it probably defines the Islands identity in the 20th century. For islanders the Second World War is simply referred to as "The Occupation".
The Channel Islands became part of Hitler's Atlantic Wall and were heavily fortified by thousands of forced workers brought over from the continent. The garrison meant that one in every four people in the islands was a member of the German forces. For the civilian population life became very hard; in 1940 families were split as hundreds of men enlisted in the British forces and thousands of others chose to evacuate to the mainland. In late 1942 over 2,500 British-born islanders were deported to camps in Germany.
When Liberation finally came on 9 May 1945 life in the islands would never again be the same. The memories of this period are captured by the Occupation tapestry
While the physical landscape is permanently scarred by the more concrete reminders of the past for all to see, the tapestry is a recognition of the importance of the memories and personal experiences of a those islanders who were here during that time. Created to mark the 50th anniversary of Jersey's liberation in 1995 the tapestry containing over 7,500,000 stitches and took nearly 30,000 hours to make. It was officially unveiled by the Prince of Wales on Liberation Day 1995.
There are a number of other sites and museums around the Island associated with the Occupation. The Command Bunker at la Hougue Bie was opened in 1948 as the first Occupation Museum in the Island but in late 2000 it was decided to remove the display of Nazi military from the bunker and re-open it as a memorial to all the forced workers who had been brought to the Channel Islands from across occupied Europe to work on the military installations.
Sample Lesson Plan for a visit to the Occupation Tapestry Gallery.
Information Sheet looking at the aftermath of the Great War, the rise of Adolf Hiler and the Nazi Party, the outbreak of War and the sitaution in Jersey just before the arrival of the German forces.
Information Sheets looking at the course of the Occupation.
Use this information sheet to find many documents held in the Jersey Archive that illustrate the imagery of the Occupation Tapestry.
Information Sheet about the Forced Workers Memorial at La Hougue Bie.
Educational website providing information related to the victims of the Occupation and to record the efforts of those who came to their aid. It is also the primary resource for Jersey's annual Holocaust Memorial Day commemoration.