The original artillery fort on this site was supposedly built during the reign of Henry VII following the Wars of the Roses in the 15th century, although it is believed it may have been just an earth rampart.

The existing fort, with its square tower and rectangular surrounds, was built in 1758. A dry ditch surrounded it, with access by drawbridge through a single gate that faced landward. At the time of the Battle of Jersey, in 1781, it was known as Fort Conway, and French spies reported that it had a garrison of 25 men and six cannon. In fact the garrison was five companies of the 83rd Regiment, the Royal Glasgow Volunteers, commanded by Captain Campbell. Far from being a small detachment the garrison was over 200 strong. Thirty years later Colonel Humfrey’s Report of 1811 said the fort housed four 24-pounder cannon. During the Occupation the Germans added the two projecting ‘lugs’ to the tower to take searchlights and added a combined personnel and ammunition shelter at the base. This was entered through a doorway in the landward side of the dry moat. The anti-tank wall running from the beach in front of the Fort to Fort William was strengthened by two 105mms Coastal Gun casemates, which had concrete walls over 6 feet thick (two metres).

How to get there

This link shows the location of Fort Henry